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The “Christian villain” trope is nothing new in Hollywood. From sociopathic Christian killers (The Evening of the Hunter, Se7en) to prudish, sexually repressed fundamentalists (Footloose, Carrie, The Virgin Suicides) to blood-sucking vampire clergymen (Midnight Mass), vengeful church women (Mrs. Carmody in The Mist), and Bible-toting tyrants (Warden Norton in The Shawshank Redemption), loathsome Christian baddies are in every single place in Hollywood and have been for a while.
We are able to understandably really feel defensive about how Hollywood depicts Christians (closely weighted towards the adverse). However slightly than merely shouting “Unfair stereotype!” we ought to contemplate the character of the critiques. How are Hollywood’s narratives expressing the bigger tradition’s angst and grievances about Christianity? What would possibly we be taught from this concerning the obstacles we face in evangelism and apologetics?
To that finish, let’s take a look at three 2022 movies—The Whale, The Marvel, and Girls Speaking—that wrestle with religion and depict Christians largely negatively. Although their emphases are barely completely different, the three movies share an general view that institutional Christianity is an oppressive system from which victims have to be liberated.
The Whale: Christianity Suppresses Authenticity
Darren Aronofsky is not any stranger to exploring religion in his movies, typically in disturbing methods (see Noah and Mom!). His newest, The Whale (written by Samuel Hunter and based mostly on his 2012 play), provides a characteristically provocative take a look at religion via the story of a morbidly overweight homosexual man residing in Moscow, Idaho. Performed by Brendan Fraser in a job more likely to earn him a finest actor Oscar, Charlie is a thinly veiled Christ determine whose story performs out throughout an “unholy week” of types, culminating in a predictable method on Friday.
The Whale depicts Charlie as an outcast whose repulsive look might be meant to nod within the path of messianic imagery in Isaiah 53 (“He had no kind or majesty that we should always take a look at him, and no magnificence that we should always want him”). The church, in the meantime, is framed as a homophobic, pharisaical establishment that preaches love however practices hate. Charlie’s late boyfriend, Alan, grew up within the native evangelical church however was pushed to suicide after he was exiled on account of his sexual decisions. For Charlie, then, the church has LGBT+ blood on its arms.
How are Hollywood’s narratives expressing the bigger tradition’s angst and grievances about Christianity? What would possibly we be taught from this concerning the obstacles we face in evangelism and apologetics?
When a pleasant younger evangelical missionary, Thomas (Ty Simpkins) begins visiting and proselytizing Charlie, it briefly appears Charlie would possibly soften a bit to the gospel. Nevertheless it doesn’t go effectively when Thomas implies—quoting Romans 8:13—that Alan died as a result of he selected flesh (illicit relationship with Charlie) over Spirit (faithfulness to God).
“You assume Alan died as a result of he selected to be with me?” Charlie responds. “You assume God turned his again on him as a result of he and I had been in love?”
If Charlie is supposed to be a kind of Christ determine, his gospel message is one among authenticity and “love is love” sexual freedom. He teaches a writing class on-line and repeatedly tells his college students to put in writing “trustworthy” issues. Honesty is the last word worth in Charlie’s gospel—within the “honesty to self” sense. If honesty to self leads a person to desert his spouse and daughter to run off with one other man (as Charlie does, mainly ruining his daughter’s life), so be it. If honesty to self leads somebody to flee his household or church or eat two whole pizzas a day to the purpose of congestive coronary heart failure, all within the title of “authenticity,” so be it.
If honesty to self trumps all different values and commitments, then no matter hinders authenticity is villainized. In The Whale, the church—and its privileging of God’s revealed reality over our subjective authenticity—is thus the largest villain. The heroes, in the meantime, are these prepared to be brutally trustworthy about “who they’re,” no matter the fee to themselves or others.
The Marvel: Christianity Rejects Science
In The Marvel, an agnostic nurse named “Lib” Wright (Florence Pugh) is summoned to a rural Irish village within the nineteenth century. She’s requested to look at a younger lady, Anna (Kíla Lord Cassidy), who hasn’t eaten in 4 months however is one way or the other nonetheless alive. Anna claims she’s residing off “manna from heaven,” and her religious Catholic household and village consider her miraculous account. Representing science, purpose, liberation, and being factually proper, the appropriately named Lib Wrightis naturally skeptical. She units out to analyze the reality behind Anna’s supposed miracle and uncovers what in her thoughts is dangerously deluded non secular fanaticism.
In Lib’s view, Anna is a sufferer of an oppressive non secular regime that ignores science if it’d undermine their religion. Although set in 1862, the movie is clearly coloured by right this moment’s political dynamics, whereby secular progressives declare the “get together of science” mantle and non secular conservatives are accused of being dangerously antiscience. Even when the fact is extra advanced (progressives enchantment to science on some points however ignore it on others, particularly on gender and procreation), the favored narrative nonetheless persists: Christianity’s supernatural bent is an enemy of science.
Tailored from a 2016 novel and directed by Chilean filmmaker Sebastián Lelio, The Marvel at the very least acknowledges that Lib’s materialistic scientism is itself a kind of religion. A dialogue scene between Lib and Kitty (Anna’s older sister) is telling:
“What was the very last thing Anna ate?” Lib asks.
“The flesh of our Savior,” Kitty responds, referring to the Eucharist.
“So simply water and wheat?”
“No, missus. Not simply water and wheat. It’s the physique and blood of Christ.”
“That’s a narrative, Kitty. I’m searching for information.”
“You see, you additionally want your tales. You write them down in that little pocket book of yours. It’s fairly the Bible you bought going.”
The movie tacitly frames religion and science as each “tales” with honest, devoted adherents. Nevertheless it leaves little question as to which story we should always favor.
The Marvel frames religion and science as each ‘tales’ with honest, devoted adherents. Nevertheless it leaves little question as to which story we should always favor.
By movie’s finish (spoiler alert), Lib lives as much as her title by liberating the brainwashed Anna from the constraints of her spiritually oppressive (in Lib’s view) household and neighborhood. She basically kidnaps Anna and takes her to stay as her personal daughter in a faraway place (Australia). To spiritual conservatives watching, this may appear to be a harrowing instance of progressives disregarding parental rights as an act of justice. Progressive viewers, in the meantime, will doubtless cheer for Lib as a heroine prepared to advocate for and finally extract kids from backwater non secular delusion.
Girls Speaking: Christianity Permits Abuse
Sarah Polley’s Girls Speaking is extra nuanced in its therapy of Christianity than the “hit job” approaches of different movies. Sure, Christianity can turn out to be a entrance for unspeakable evil. However for the weak feminine victims in Girls Speaking, it’s additionally a supply of incomparable hope.
The movie relies on a guide a couple of harrowing true story of sexual abuse in a Mennonite colony. It follows a gaggle of girls who uncover they’ve been repeatedly drugged and raped by males in their very own neighborhood: males they trusted, their husbands and brothers and non secular leaders. Upon making this horrific discovery, and whereas the perpetrators are quickly away, eight ladies meet in a hayloft to debate their choices. Ought to they do nothing, keep and struggle, or go away to pursue a brand new life elsewhere?
True to its title, Girls Speaking is actually one lengthy dialogue scene as the ladies (performed by proficient actresses like Rooney Mara, Jessie Buckley, and Claire Foy) grieve collectively, argue collectively, and luxury each other with Scripture and hymns. Unable to learn and write (of their colony, ladies aren’t allowed to be educated), the ladies can at the very least discuss in secret—hatching plans for their very own emancipation.
To Polley’s credit score, Girls Speaking asks onerous questions on Christianity with out utilizing these inquiries to discredit religion totally. “If God is all-powerful,” one character asks, “then why has he not protected the ladies and women of this colony?” It’s a heavy query, however not one of the ladies seems to lose her religion on its account. Over the course of the movie, they wrestle with forgiveness, justice, and the trauma they’ve endured. However via all of it, they handle to maintain repeating, in religion, “The Lord is gracious and compassionate, gradual to anger, wealthy in loving kindness.”
We completely sympathize with these ladies and rage towards the evil perpetrated towards them by males who declare to serve Christ. However even because it tells a really particular story, Girls Speaking is clearly conscious of the way it suits into a bigger narrative that claims patriarchy and abuse usually are not a bug however a characteristic of conservative Christianity.
The movie’s progressive worldview is clear within the character of Melvin (performed by nonbinary actor August Winter), a organic girl turned trans man who goes mute out of protest for the trauma she’s endured. Solely when the opposite ladies cease “deadnaming” her and name her by her most popular title (Melvin), does she converse out loud: “Thanks.” Would up to date trans politics have been a part of an remoted Mennonite colony in actual life? It’s unlikely, however Girls Speaking is making an attempt greater than mere history-telling right here. It’s additionally an advocacy piece—celebrating the virtues of feminism, collective motion, and liberation for girls and LGBT+ folks in a cisgender, patriarchal world.
Believers ought to take note of the “various gospels” on supply in up to date popular culture. If Christianity is seen extra as an oppressor than a liberator, in any case, one thing else should play the a part of liberator. In every of the movies mentioned above, that “one thing else” is the empowered self, via which salvation and “rebirth” are achieved with out enchantment to the supernatural.
In The Whale, the ultimate magic-realist shot of Charlie evokes a blissful resurrection scene, as he lifts off the bottom and ascends into gentle. In that ending sequence, Charlie is lastly “liberated,” in keeping with Fraser. On the finish of The Marvel, in a kind of secular declaration of resurrection, Lib pronounces “Anna” lifeless and reborn as “Nan”—liberated from her beforehand poisonous, caged existence.
Believers ought to take note of the ‘various gospels’ on supply in up to date popular culture.
Girls Speaking equally concludes with imagery of leaving the outdated and starting anew, with beforehand silenced ladies now having the ability to talk into being no matter actuality they want. Ona (Mara) tells the opposite ladies, “After we’ve liberated ourselves we’ll must ask ourselves who we’re.” She calls the ladies to hitch in creating “a brand new faith,” which is taken from the outdated “however centered on love.” The Exodus imagery on the finish and the final shot (of a new child child) visually emphasizes these themes of liberation from the shackles of “outdated faith” and rebirth into one thing new.
Partaking the Push and Pull of Publish-Christian Tradition
Insofar as these three movies every pitch a “new faith” constructed on the outdated however extra centered on love, inclusivity, and science, they’re excellent fables of our post-Christian age. They’re expressions of a technology that seeks to take from Christianity what’s helpful and inoffensive whereas scrapping what’s seen as offensive (sexual ethics), outmoded (supernatural), or oppressive (male management). Certainly, particularly in The Whale and Girls Speaking—the place Christianity nonetheless has some ethical and aesthetic worth—we see how the “put up” a part of post-Christian tradition works: the purpose isn’t abandoning Christianity totally however shifting past it solely with the elements we want to hold.
As we search to succeed in this post-Christian tradition with the true gospel, we’d do effectively to note the prevalence of those narratives. We must always take note of how Christianity is framed as oppressive or villainous within the widespread creativeness (e.g., antigay, antiscience, antiwomen), proudly owning what we are able to personal and apologizing when applicable. We also needs to observe the facets of Christianity which might be nonetheless celebrated and retained by a secularizing tradition, even when the Christian roots of those concepts are more and more unacknowledged (or unknown).
Efficient apologetics in a post-Christian tradition will thoughtfully exegete cultural artifacts to discern (1) what right this moment’s tradition makers discover abhorrent about Christianity and (2) what they discover engaging about Christianity. Our response shouldn’t be to then diminish (in embarrassment) the previous whereas we rush to focus on the latter. Our mission fails if we’re hiding the elements of the gospel unfavorable to the zeitgeist and focusing solely on what “performs effectively” with the specified viewers.
Movies like The Whale, The Marvel, and Girls Speaking shouldn’t spur Christians towards reactionary “rebranding” of religion however slightly towards simpler apologetics—taking significantly the “push” and “pull” perceptions of Christianity as two unavoidable, interconnecting dimensions of our mission in a post-Christian tradition.